• A One Person Company (OPC) can be registered under the Companies Act, 2013, in India. The registration process involves several steps, and the key features of an OPC are that it has only one person as a member or shareholder. Here are the steps and requirements for registering a One Person Company:

    1. Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) and Director Identification Number (DIN):

    1.1 DSC:

    • The sole member of the OPC needs to obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC). This is necessary for digitally signing documents during the registration process.

    1.2 DIN:

    • The sole member must also obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN) by filing Form DIR-3 with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).

    2. Name Reservation:

    2.1 Check Name Availability:

    • Choose a unique name for the OPC and check its availability through the MCA portal.

    2.2 File Name Reservation Application:

    • File the application for name reservation (INC-1) with the MCA. Provide alternative names if the primary choice is not available.

    3. Drafting of Memorandum and Articles of Association:

    3.1 Draft MoA and AoA:

    • Draft the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA) for the OPC. These documents outline the objectives and rules governing the company.

    4. Filing Incorporation Documents:

    4.1 File Incorporation Documents:

    • File the incorporation documents, including the MoA, AoA, and other necessary forms (INC-2 for incorporation and INC-22 for the office address), on the MCA portal.

    5. Certificate of Incorporation:

    5.1 RoC Verification:

    • The Registrar of Companies (RoC) will verify the documents submitted.

    5.2 Issuance of Certificate:

    • Upon successful verification, the RoC will issue the Certificate of Incorporation for the OPC.

    6. PAN and TAN Application:

    6.1 Apply for PAN:

    • Apply for the Permanent Account Number (PAN) for the OPC.

    6.2 Apply for TAN:

    • Apply for the Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) for the OPC.

    7. Compliance with Other Requirements:

    7.1 Bank Account Opening:

    • Open a bank account in the name of the OPC.

    7.2 GST Registration (if applicable):

    • Register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) if the OPC’s turnover exceeds the prescribed limit.


    • The entire OPC registration process is done online through the MCA portal.
    • It’s advisable to engage with professionals, such as chartered accountants or company secretaries, to ensure compliance with all legal requirements.
    • The process and requirements may be subject to updates, so it’s essential to check the latest guidelines from the MCA.